Iranian Journal of Radiology

  • ISSN: 2008-2711 1735-1065
  • Email: editor@iranjradiol.com
  • Journal Type: per-article | Frequency: quarterly
  • Language: EN
  • Organization: Iranian Journal of Radiology
Research Article
7/8/2016
Feng Chen, Min Guo, Tao Liu, Xiang Ling Jiang, Jian Jun Li, Jun Cheng Guo
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is considered neurodevelopmental disorder that shares the feature of dysfunctional frontal-subcortical circuitry, yet the relationship between structural abnormalities or neurobiochemistrical changes and OCD pathogenesis is still unknown.This study aims to use magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to discover substance-metabolism abnormalities of brain circuits in patients ... read more
Research Article
5/3/2016
Xianchun Zeng, Shaolei Kang, Rongpin Wang, Dan Han, Yong Wang, Shiping Yang
Coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA) technology as a kind of non-traumatic examination has been widely used in clinical practice. There are major issues that need to be considered. One is how to obtain high quality images and at the same time effectively reduce the radiation dose. The ... read more
Research Article
17/8/2016
Bilgin Kadri Aribas, Kemal Arda, Ozge Aribas, Nazan Ciledag, Emin Yildirim, Seyhmus Kavak, Yusuf Cosar, Ekrem Tekin
This study aims to use mean volume of fluid, which is drained from a liver hydatid cyst with cystobiliary fistula developing after percutaneous treatment, for determining the type of treatment as surgery versus conservative.The cohort data was collected retrospectively from 10 out of 90 hydatid cysts in ... read more
Research Article
6/8/2016
Hyo-Cheol Kim, Saebeom Hur, Hoyong Jeon
Malfunctions of totally implantable central venous ports (TICVPs) have become a problem, as the usage of TICVPs has increased enormously.This study evaluated factors related with catheter malfunctions of TICVPs.Between January 2010 and June 2012, 1,740 TICVPs in 1740 patients (874 men and 866 women) with an average ... read more
Research Article
17/1/2016
Memik Teke, Cemil Goya, Celil Alemdar, Cihad Hamidi, Mehmet Guli Cetincakmak, Salih Hattapoglu, Emin Ozkul, Aslan Bilici
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is one cause of hip pain, and is an under-recognized cause of early osteoarthritis, especially in young and active people. The prevalence of FAI in adults is approximately 10 – 15% and depending on the clinical and radiographic findings, two types of impingement (which ... read more
Research Article
7/8/2016
Asli Tanrivermis Sayit, Ali Ipek, Ilkay Sedakat Idilman, Nurdan Cay, Pinar Gunbey, Mustafa Karaoglanoglu
The umbilical cord contains two arteries and one vein. Normally, the diameters of umbilical arteries are close in size, but this may vary, as one umbilical artery may be considerably smaller or more hypoplastic than the other.This study aimed to investigate the effect of hypoplastic umbilical arteries ... read more
Research Article
9/8/2016
Ozgur Tosun, Gulden Saglamer Tangal, Nurdan Cay, Yuksel Maras, Karabekir Ercan, Halil Arslan
Spondyloarthritis (SpA) traditionally encompasses ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis and reactive arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel diseases. Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) inflammation is an important and usually the first finding of SpA.The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the value of different magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences ... read more
Research Article
17/1/2016
Tolga Aksu, Tumer Erdem Guler, Veli Kaya, Nurcan Arat, Omac Tufekcioglu
A number of earlier studies have attempted to establish the validity of various radiological parameters for the assessment of cardiac enlargement, but these were not fully quantitative as echocardiographic measurements.In our study, we aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of certain radiological parameters including the cardiothoracic ratio ... read more
Research Article
28/6/2016
Masoud Hashemi, Seyed Mohammad Jazayeri, Asadollah Saadat Niaki, Mahshid Nikooseresht, Alireza Hosseinpanah, Seyed Sajad Razavi, Farshad Farivar, Farideh Shahandeh
There is a growing trend in ultrasound use in interventional pain management. Recently, the ease of use and clinical benefits of lumbar medial branch nerve block under ultrasound guidance have been identified.In this study, we assessed the relevant anatomy and sonoanatomy of these specific interventional techniques. We ... read more
Research Article
8/8/2016
Yaşar Taştemur, Vedat Sabanciogullari, İsmail Salk, Muhittin Sönmez, Mehmet Cimen
Tonsillar herniation is a condition that manifests as herniation of the brain parts, originating from the hindbrain and progressing through the foramen magnum into the cervical vertebral canal. Although the etiology of tonsillar herniation is unclear, it has been suggested that it may be congenital or acquired. ... read more
Research Article
10/8/2016
Hyeon-Sik Kim, Byeong-il Lee, Ju Han Kim, Hee-Seung Bom, Dong-Yeon Kim, Jung-Joon Min
Reconstruction of positron emission tomography (PET) imagery is essential for accurate diagnosis in nuclear medicine. Thus, several image reconstruction methods were developed to enhance image quality and accuracy.We performed PET studies using a new myocardial imaging agent, (5-[18F] fluoropentyl) triphenylphosphonium cation ([18F]FPTP), in left coronary artery (LCA)-occluded ... read more
Research Article
9/8/2016
Tae-Hoon Nam, Sung Bum Cho, Gyoung Min Kim, Tae-Seok Seo, Hwan Hoon Chung, Seung Hwa Lee, Yun Hwan Kim, Young Kwon Cho
Superselective transarterial embolization (TAE) is the most commonly used treatment for lower gastrointestinal (LGI) bleeding when endoscopic management is impossible or fails. Its effectiveness and safety are increased using advanced techniques, instruments, and embolic materials.To evaluate the outcome and safety of TAE for LGI bleeding and to ... read more
Research Article
10/8/2016
Minho Park, Yu-Mee Sohn
Sterotactic vacuum assisted biopsy (ST-VAB) is safe and effective method for nonpalpable mammographically visible microcalcifications or masses. ST-VAB is less invasive and is associated with less scar formation than surgical excision. Also ST-VAB can avoid unnecessary additional surgery. But ST-VAB has possibility of histologic underestimation of high-risk ... read more
Research Article
25/6/2016
Ekin Ilkeli, Oytun Saffet Kahyaoglu, Selim Capci, Ramazan Buyukkaya, Nilay Aydin Oktay, Aysegul Koc
In this study, we shared the implementation success and clinical results for 38 patients treated with the cleaner™ pharmacomechanical thrombectomy device.The impact and results of pharmacomechanical thrombectomy treatment on patients with deep vein thrombosis in the symptomatic acute and subacute phases were assessed.Pharmacomechanical thrombectomy treatment was applied ... read more
Research Article
7/8/2016
Cihan Yildirim, Ali Murat Aktan, Emrah Karataslioglu, Fatih Aksoy, Ozlem Isman, Emre Culha
Determination of the working length (WL) is important on the success of the endodontic treatment. There are several techniques used for the determination of endodontic WL, whereas new technologies may include clinical practice and, therefore, they should be investigated.The goal of the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) ... read more
Research Article
20/6/2016
Corey Daniels, Wei-Lien Wang, John Edward Madewell, Wei Wei, Behrang Amini
The tendency of myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) to have a non-nodular appearance on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may present a challenge in detection of local recurrence. Appropriate index of suspicion of expected imaging appearance can alleviate this challenge.Our objectives were to determine if: 1) imaging pattern at recurrence is ... read more
Research Article
20/6/2016
Arzu Ozsoy, Erkin Aribal, Levent Araz, Merter Bora Erdogdu, Aydin Sari, Irfan Sencan, Nevra Elmas
To evaluate the mammography image and reporting quality in Turkey.One hundred sixty five units which provide mammography examination services were included in the audit. Samples of mammographic examinations conducted between July 1st and December 31st, 2012 were evaluated. Auditors completed web-based evaluation forms, including quality parameters and ... read more
Research Article
22/6/2016
Jian Hui Gu, Xue Jun Zhou, Dong Sheng Jin, Wen Quan Ding, Xin Wang
In addition to fiber tracking, stereoscopic display of the peripheral nerves can be obtained based on magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data using post-processing methods, including volume rendering (VR) and maximum intensity projection (MIP). However, sufficient suppression of the image noise remains a challenge.To achieve ... read more
Research Article
7/9/2016
Myeong Seong Kim, Jong-Woong Lee, Sun Geun Kim, Dae Cheol Kweon
While using the automatic exposure control technique in computed tomography (CT), the scout view determines the radiation dose for the CT scan by taking anatomical morphology into consideration.The goal of this study was to estimate radiation doses during scout scanning and to evaluate the hypothesis that the ... read more
Research Article
14/12/2016
Hui-zhao Wu, Mahrukh Latif, Zhi-wei Zhong, Bao-hai Yu, Wen-juan Wu, Feng Zhang, Shu-man Han, Zu-zhuo Zhang
The acetabular and proximal femoral bone abnormalities are very common in the clinical practice. Conventional radiography has some difficulties in detecting early osseous changes. Digital tomosynthesis (DT) can remove the overlap of the anatomical structures, which improves the detection of early osseous changes. A special functional position ... read more
Research Article
6/6/2016
Yaser Safi, Mahkameh Moshfeghi, Sepideh Rahimian, Mahtab Kheirkhahi, Maryam Eslami Manouchehri
With regards to the increasing use of implants in the field of dentistry, the recognition of critical landmarks is essential. Nasopalatine canal (NPC) is one of these important indices, which due to high esthetic expectations in premaxilla, should be precisely evaluated before surgery.This study aimed to evaluate ... read more
Research Article
3/9/2016
Hamed Naghibi, Hedayatolah Soroush, Fariborz Faeghi, Madjid Shakiba, Amir Reza Farhoud, Hassan Hashemi
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the wrist joint is a useful method in the diagnosis of triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC), ligaments and tendons, peripheral nerves, cartilage and carpal tunnel syndrome. However, the evaluation of these small anatomical structures is a topic of investigation. In some instances, the ... read more
Research Article
4/10/2016
Mi-Young Kim, Jin Woong Kim, Dae-Seong Myung, Chung-Hwan Jun, Wan-Sik Lee, Yang Jun Kang, Sung-Kyu Choi, Young-Eun Joo, Sung-Bum Cho
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is worldwide one of the most common and lethal malignant tumors despite attempts at treatment using various therapeutic modalities. Combination of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) can have expanded indication as curative therapy in patients with larger size HCC (2 - 5 ... read more
Research Article
4/9/2016
Jin Young Chang, Jin Hee Moon, Sung Hye Koh, Sun-Young Park, Kwan Seop Lee
Quantitative shear wave elastography (SWE) has been developed and utilized to aid in the differentiation between benign and malignant breast lesions based on their stiffness.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of the additional use of SWE to conventional ultrasound (US) according to ... read more
Research Article
11/9/2016
Ling-yi Wen, Zhi-gang Yang, Ying-kun Guo, Jia-yu Sun, Hua-yan Xu
Mitral regurgitation frequently accompanies dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), which is associated with poor prognosis.To evaluate morphological and functional abnormalities in DCM patients and correlate these features with the severity of coexistent mitral regurgitation using 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Forty-one patients with DCM and 26 healthy control subjects ... read more
Research Article
25/9/2016
Soon Cheol Baek, Jisun Lee, Min Ho Kang, Kyung Sik Yi, Yook Kim, Bum Sang Cho, Kil sun Park, Sang-Yong Eom
Percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) and percutaneous needle aspiration (PNA) have become the primary options for treating hepatic abscesses. Thus far, various studies have examined the clinical data and computed tomography (CT) features for predicting PCD outcomes.The goal was to compare CT features between hepatic abscesses classified based ... read more
Case Report
18/1/2016
Chermaine Deepa Antony, Kartini Rahmat, Anushya Vijayananthan, Jayalakshmi Pailoor
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a common primary childhood malignancy that rarely metastasizes to the breast. We report a patient with a primary sinonasal rhabdomyosarcoma metastasizing to the breast, with no distant spread. We describe the imaging appearance of rhabdomyosarcoma on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), particularly on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) ... read more
Case Report
25/4/2016
Mahmoud Beheshti Monfared, Hamid Ghaderi, Taraneh Faghihi Langroudi, Seyedeh Adeleh Mirjafari, Mahnoosh Foroughi, Mohammad Forozeshfard, Farshid Heidarpour Kiaie
Origination of the right coronary artery (RCA) from the left anterior descending (LAD) artery is a case of single coronary artery. It is an extremely rare coronary artery abnormality and usually an incidental finding during coronary angiography. A 73-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension arrived ... read more
Case Report
19/6/2016
Svetlana Ivanovna Sazonova, Julia Nikolaevna Ilyushenkova, Konstantin Valer’evich Zavadovsky, Yuri Borisovich Lishmanov
In this paper, we present a case of bacterial endocarditis of the prosthetic pulmonary conduit found in a 26-year-old man. An echocardiography study around the pulmonary valve showed the presence of a floating mass attached to the wall of the conduit. This formation was thought to be ... read more
Case Report
22/8/2016
Jinyoung Chang, Sun-Young Park, Soo Kee Min, Sung Hye Koh, Kwan Seop Lee
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) in the spine or paraspinal area is extremely rare. Here, we report a rare case of a 56-year-old man who had pathological-proven spinal epidural IMT showing a malignancy-like infiltrative feature on MR imaging with alteration of T2 signal intensity on follow-up from slightly ... read more
Case Report
24/8/2016
Soo Young Chae, Ok Hee Woo, Hye Seon Shin, Chung Yeul Kim
Primary breast sarcoma is a rare disease of the breast that comprises a heterogeneous group of malignant mesenchymal neoplasms, including angiosarcoma, liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, sarcomas with bone and cartilage, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Yet the exact incidence of primary breast sarcoma has not been reported, but it ... read more
Case Report
24/9/2016
Ye Kyeong Jun, Jeong Min Ko, Hyun Jin Park, Jun Hyun Baik, Deog Gon Cho
Contralateral pneumothorax crossing the midline in a patient with autopneumonectomy can mimic bilateral pneumothoraces on chest radiography. In this study, we report a rare case of right pneumothorax mimicking bilateral pneumothoraces in a patient with left autopneumonectomy. A 37-year-old man complained of progressive chest pain and dyspnea. ... read more
Case Report
16/10/2016
Sang Hoon Kim, Seung Min Yoo, Hwa Yeon Lee, Gun Lee, Hyung Jong Kim, Minjung Shim, Sung-ik Kim, In Song Song, Hye Rin Kim, Charles S White
Diagnosis of cardiac tamponade has been mainly based on clinical features and echocardiography. However, CT may be an initial tool for the evaluation of cardiac tamponade because cutting edge CT is increasingly being installed in the emergency room, and presentation of cardiac tamponade can be nonspecific. Importantly, ... read more
Case Report
15/8/2016
Hiroaki Takahashi, Manabu Minami, Tomohiko Masumoto, Takashi Hiyama, Yuka Kujiraoka, Mariko Nakamagoe, Yuko Minami
Ectopic cervical thymus (ECT) is an essentially benign condition that is identified during the development of the thymus, and is rare among the adult population. Thymic hyperplasia is another thymus-associated condition, which is known to occur secondary to hyperthyroidism. A 39-year-old woman with hyperthyroidism presented with an ... read more
Case Report
25/9/2016
Seung-Gu Yeo, Eun Seok Kim, Min-Jeong Kim, Hong Il Ha, Kwanseop Lee, Mi Jung Kwon
A malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is very rare, representing 3 - 10% of all soft tissue sarcomas. Approximately half of all such tumors are diagnosed in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). The extremities are involved most commonly, and the patient’s age is usually 20 ... read more

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